Dental implants are perfect for people who are looking for no-frills, no-fuss replacement for their lost teeth. These dental implants are designed to replace the dental roots lost when a tooth falls off or has to be extracted. These implants are the endosseous root-form type, and are embedded into the jawbone of the patient and resemble dental roots. Osseointegrated means that the dental implants will eventually fuse with the bone tissue.
What are the different parts of the dental implant?
There are three parts of the dental implant and each part has to be placed in step-by-step.
Fixture. Also known as the replacement roots, the fixtures are buried underneath the gum line and embedded within the living bone tissue. It’s also the fixture which is capable of fusing with the bone tissue, and is made with titanium, the only metal which is capable of osseointegration.
Abutment. The abutment is attached to the fixture and is found above the gum line. This part of the dental implant holds dental prosthesis such as the crown or the denture.
Dental prosthesis. This part of the dental implant is the prosthesis which the implant supports. The crown can be cemented or screwed into place, while the dentures could be clipped or snapped.
Who are qualified to get dental implants?
There are a couple of factors which your dentist has to go over in order to determine whether or not you are qualified to get dental implants. These factors include:
People with certain medical conditions cannot go for oral surgery either because they have a tendency to bleed or because they are unable to heal properly. People who have a history of stroke, any bleeding tendencies and cardiovascular diseases are unable to clot normally. On the other hand, individuals with suppressed immune systems may not be able to fight off infections that could arise because of the invasiveness of the procedure.
Smokers have lower success rates for dental implants compared to those who do not smoke. One explanation for this could be due to the reduced bone density which is linked to smoking. However, cessation of smoking at least a week before the procedure helps to improve osseointegration as well as wound healing.
Dental implants work better on people who maintain good dental hygiene by brushing at least twice a day and flossing. The subsequent development of gum diseases can still affect the dental implants since they are anchored into the jawbone.
Image Courtesy Pinterest