Having cavities is an oral problem characterized by the decaying of teeth. Tooth decay occurs when the acids produced by plaque and food particles damage the tooth’s enamel, dissolving it and forming openings that may house bacteria and lead to further bacterial growth. Cavities result from numerous factors, which include lifestyle, diet, and oral hygiene. Regularly brushing, flossing, and visiting a Fishers IN dentist are some of the most effective ways of preventing oral cavities.
Types and Causes of Cavities
Cavities are classified into three types: coronal cavities, root cavities, and recurrent decay. Coronal cavities are most common and are located on the surfaces of back teeth or between teeth. Root cavities are found on the exposed parts of teeth where gums have receded. These areas formerly covered by gums have no enamel and are, therefore, more sensitive to tooth decay. Recurrent decay forms around fillings and crowns, as these are areas that tend to accumulate plaque.
A factor that may predispose adults to cavities is dry mouth, an oral condition involving a lack of saliva. It may be caused by medication, other diseases, chemotherapy, and can range from being acute to chronic, depending on its cause. Cavities may eventually lead to permanent damage of the tooth and kill the nerves surrounding it. This may result in a tooth abscess. Tooth abscesses can only be treated by surgery, root canal procedure, or tooth extraction.
Cavities can only be identified after having teeth examined by a dentist Fishers IN has. This is because cavities develop under the tooth’s surface, concealing them from view. Food that contains carbohydrates such as sugar and starch products can also contribute to tooth decay by creating an acid that damages the tooth’s enamel when they are eaten by bacteria. This acid dissolves the enamel, causing cavities. The enamel then begins to break down from the inside of the tooth structure. When most of it is destroyed, the tooth’s surface collapses and forms a cavity.
Cavities often develop on chewing surfaces, between teeth, and along the gum line. Regardless where they are formed, it is important to promptly detect and treat them before they can worsen into more advanced dental problems. Regularly visiting your Fishers IN dentist is an effective way of doing this.
Despite its serious health effects, cavities can be easily prevented. Some ways to reduce cavity formation include brushing and flossing at least twice daily, eating a well-balanced diet, and using dental products that contain fluoride. Visiting a dentist Fishers has at least twice a year also helps spot cavities earlier before they get worse.